For once, the American manufacturer Tesla raised prices at its fast charging stations at the end of 2021. How much does a Tesla trip cost today? Will it be home to more gasoline? Let’s try to see more clearly in this case.
Owning an electric car is the promise of low-cost driving: there is little or no maintenance, and the price of “refueling” is much lower than the price of gasoline. If this is true for domestic charging where the kilowatt-hour price is relatively low (less than 0.20 €), with the various fast-charging operators increasing rates, the risk of reaching a price close to that of a full tank of gas only grows.
Just three years ago, crossing France with a Tesla was cheap: between 0.20 and 0.24 euros per kilowatt-hour, or more or less 10-20% of the cost of a home. But nowadays, finding these rates for express shipping has become a risky, if not impossible, task.
Have supercharged rates become exorbitant?
In 2020, the average consumption of a gasoline-powered car is 6.8 liters per 100 kilometers according to ADEME, and the average price of a liter of gasoline in mainland France is now around 1.70 euros (unleaded 98). Thus, we consider that the average cost of a gasoline car per 100 km is 11.56 euros.
As mentioned in the introduction, the costs of recharging an electric car at home are very interesting, the price is easily less than 3 euros per 100 km. This makes petrol vehicles nearly four times more expensive on a daily basis. But on long trips, while the price of a full tank of fuel does not increase significantly, the price of electricity does.
The average price for a Tesla Supercharging in France is 0.40 euros per kWh in January 2022. Thus, the price of 100 km on the highway is about 8 euros, if we consider the average consumption of 20 kW / 100 km at 130 km / h. hour .
Although that price is nearly three times higher than the price of a home charge, it’s still well below the average price for a gasoline-powered car, making long trips, even using exclusively Tesla Superchargers, more economical.
Rates that are increasing very quickly
If today’s electric car travel is more economical, this situation may only be temporary. Meaning, express freight rates tend to increase much faster than gasoline prices.
Indeed, if we take the example of Tesla Superchargers in France, whose price today is 0.40 euros per kWh, the evolution of costs since 2019 may make us fear the worst. Just three years ago, Superchargers were charging €0.20 per kWh: with semi-annual increases, these prices have doubled.
If this increase continues, we will reach a rate of 0.80 euros per kilowatt-hour by 2025, which makes the price of fast charging much higher than the price of gasoline: calculate 16 euros for 100 km on the highway, for a consumption of 20 kWh. / 100 km.
And although the price of gasoline is not fixed, its changes over time are not as important as express freight rates. At the beginning of 2019, for example, the average price for a liter of unleaded 98 was 1.49 euros: the increase in three years is only 14%, compared to 100% for the Tesla supercharger.
Outside of the superchargers, is the grass greener?
The advantage that Tesla cars have — right now — over other electric vehicles is their ability to be recharged at other fast-charging stations, such as Ionity, Fastned or Totalenergies. We will see that depending on the situation, this can allow you to save a few euros with each recharge.
Let’s start with the most obvious: Fastned. At €0.59 per kWh (0.45 € with subscription), recharging in the Fastned is always more expensive than charging the Tesla Supercharger. On the other hand, for other recharge operators who charge by the minute, there can be significant advantages.
Ainsi, pour Totalenergies, avec un tarif pour la recharge rapide affiché à 0,65 euro par minute, il va falloir estimer la puissance moyenne de la recharge pour définir s’il est plus intéressant ou non de charger sur une total ou un Superchargeur Are you here. Once the power exceeds 98 kW, the final charging price will be lower than that of the Tesla.
For a Tesla Model 3 or Tesla Model Y, this means that if you charge up to 60% of the battery, Totalenergies is cheaper than a Tesla.
Regarding Ionity, the price at the beginning of 2022 is 0.79 euros per minute: recharging is therefore less expensive than Tesla as long as you are charging with more than 120 kW. In short: As long as you charge less than 50% of the remaining battery for your Tesla Model 3 or Y, it’s best to set your sights on Ionity rather than Tesla.
What does the future of express shipping hold for us?
With the spread of players, competition will be organized in the express freight sector. However, it seems naive to imagine that prices will fall. Tesla has been showing it for a number of years, and it seems that its goal is to make its network profitable by increasing prices on the one hand, and opening it up to all vehicles to significantly increase its customer base on the other hand.
We can then expect express freight rates to reach €1 per kilowatt-hour within five years, with subscriptions potentially having everything, like what Ionity is offering with its “Passport” offer.
However, the promise of inexpensive travel in electric cars will be less and less true on long trips, with depending on the models and grilles used, prices are already higher than those made in internal combustion vehicles.
However, it is important to keep this in mind by recalling the following fact: if the few major annual trips cost between 10 and 20 euros per 100 kilometers, the vast majority of day trips will always be more economical at less than three euros 100 kilometres. . Thus, with an average of more than a whole year, even taking into account long and expensive trips, an electric car will not have a problem with a cost of less than 5 euros per 100 km, which is impossible for any thermal car.
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